Grupul de Economie Aplicată (GEA), , Manual de evaluare a competitivității regionale, București, p. 5. Local economical development principles. Manual de supravie_uire si crestere a firmelor în condi_iile economiei de pia_a, Grupul de Economie Aplicata(GEA- The Applied Economy Group), Manual de . Matematică aplicată în economie: manual de studiu individual by Tatiana Corina Dosescu(Book) 1 edition published in in Romanian and held by 2.
|Published (Last):||7 June 2017|
|PDF File Size:||17.37 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||17.64 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
There are many definitions of clusters, different from each other and a wide typology of clusters in all industry. It is assumed that after the initial phase in which the predominant forces are centralized, centralization poles will lead behind them, the rest of the region or even the entire economy. Clusters represent an important instrument for promoting industrial development, innovation, competitiveness and economic growth. During the project aimed to conduct an analysis of existing potential of clusters in the partner countries in Central and Eastern Europe and then to assist these countries in developing the cluster, using the experience and know – how from Italy and Austria.
Opportunities to structure industrial clusters exist in other geographical areas of Romania. In Timis county it was identified a strong cluster in automotive, in the AutomotiVest company. Clusterization risks arise from the very basic principles of the clusters specialization. Skip to main content. The existence of an early horizontal cluster is motivated by the companies perception in terms of characteristics of local production system: According to this concept, development is an unbalanced and hierarchical process, in which a certain number of economic units play an engine role that puts them out from the others.
Weber extended the basic model by considering a cheap labour force and by taking into account the agglomeration areas, which increases the consumer market of goods, generating savings. It is worth noting that once the specificity is Timis County is also given by the high level of Italian investment in the area; they brought the principle of the industrial district, the Italian model of cluster.
These poles are highly entrepreneurship and have a profitable business environment. This area represented by example by Timis County, in the future may host more than one cluster in areas like textiles, shoes, software.
Explanations are based on recording specific economies of scale, known as agglomeration economies. Biotechnologies, transport and mobility, health and medicine, new materials, manufacturing and engineering, aviation and space, energy and environment, ICT, micro-nano-opto.
The solution of the problem is the one that minimizes total transportation costs, in a graphical approach being determined by circles curves centred on the sources supply costs and markets shippingwhich are composed of points representing the same mankal of costs. The level of economic development research and the systematic study of business in 10 countries with a significant competitive position, and in over industries, Professor Michael Porter brought the debate on how companies manage to compete and contribute in raising living standards in the countries where they are located.
Mwnual to Edgar M. Clusters affect competitive advantage on three major directions: A Harvard Business Review Book, p.
Sebastian Văduva – cărţi, carte
We shall also present the initiatives of cluster type between the European states, successful clusters, with a possible multiplication effect. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Product life cycle theory is developed by Raymond Vernonwhich started its work on links between the expenses incurred by the firm for long-term research and development and its possibilities of winning according to aaplicata or steps that can browse a product from its launch on the market, until the end of its production.
In Germany, The European Cluster Observatory mentioned clusters in the following areas of activity: Moreover, the cluster can often not be the answer to increasing the competitiveness of a region, manul may come from elsewhere. Looking in particular the sustainable development of industrial structures, Porter demonstrated the influence of competitive relations between national industries and economic development, by the model of competitive advantages of national industries.
Dosescu, Tatiana Corina
Creating and developing a regional specific, through the formation of clusters, helps regions in creating a productive business environment, leading to attract as many specialized companies on their territory. These separate units are called growth poles and they can be large companies, industrial sites, important elements of infrastructure port, airport, motorway that by their mere presence attract a lot of other activities or even an urban pole with its own activity.
A business cluster is a group, a cluster of organizations with a competitive nature in a target market. In Sweden, The European Cluster Observatory has noted the existence of Swedish clusters, already highlighting one of their weaknesses, namely excessive fragmentation. He sustains its view by explaining the differences in levels of development and knowledge of existing and identified agglomerations.
Between cluster members there must be mutual trust, and they must share the same objectives and priorities so as to be able to reach an overall coordination in a multi-level context.
The specific actions that can be undertaken by the government: Industrial or commercial specialization, diversification, innovation and improving quality and interrelationship between companies operating in a region, or their complementary characteristics, are traits that distinguish a pure agglomeration from an industrial cluster.
Clusters comprise a group of closely related industries and other entities important in terms of competition. This theory was subsequently extended apliccata Smithies, Lerner and Singer, Greenham.
There are also incipient clusters vertically integrated in the clothing industry Focsani.
Marshall, Hoover, Perroux, Chimitz and Mills. Using statistical data relatively recently by the European Cluster Observatoryour paper aims at revealing the fact that clusters are linked to prosperity and that it exists a necessity to consider them as a central part of each economic strategy for the European Union member states. From the translation of the verb cluster, that means to gather in one place, to group after a criterion, we get to the definition of the concept given by Porter, namely, cluster is a geographical concentration of companies that are competing, but also cooperating, the suppliers of goods and services and their associated institutions.
Remember me on this computer. Other descriptions of industrial clusters are based on: Often, clusters are extending to different downstream channels and customers and laterally to manufacturers of complementary products and to the industries related by skills, technologies or common inputs.
Overall, the role of government is to be the facilitator and participant in public- private partnerships. The main benefits identified by the organization after adoption of the cluster model are productivity, regional specificities, increased mobility of information. O1, O3, R1, R5 1. This is due to domestic scale economies, known as agglomerations economies. Basically, the common point which links them are the concepts which occur in these theories, such as: After developing the theory of polarized development, most of the concepts supporting the spontaneous reduction of disparities in regional economic development as the generalization of the process, find theoretical support in various formulations of this theory.
Location theory justifies its importance: Productivity, with increasing wages and employability of the workforce, are considered the main reasons for increased interest in the formation of clusters. This sector comprises several industries with a mutual enrichment of courses and activities.
These poles of competitiveness working in 16 economical sectors.